Thousands of developers from individuals to group are mushrooming into biofuel developments to have the luxury once enjoyed by oil producers at their backyard ,streets and country.
The rising number of biofuel producers are rapidly increasing worldwide.The list below are some of the potential developers who will carry our fuel demand /supply into 22nd century and beyond.
The following cellulosic ethanol plants are now open or in the pre-planning stages in the United States (sources, IEA Task 39 Group, Biofuels Digest, Reuters: company name, location, capacity in Mgy and feedstock).
Company Location Capacity Feed stock
-AE Biofuels Montana 0.15 Corn, corn stover
-KL Energy Corp Wyoming 1.5 Wood
-Poet S. Dakota 0.02 Corn cobs
-Verenium Louisiana 1.4 Bagasse
Commercial scale plants not yet open:
-Abengoa Bioenergy Kansas 30 Biomass
-BlueFire Mecca Llc Calif 17 Green waste
-Colusa Biomass Calif 12.5 Rice hulls
-Gulf Coast Energy Florida 25 Woody biomass
-Mascoma Corp Michigan 40 “ ”
-Poet Iowa 25 Corn cobs, stover
-Range Fuels Georgia 20 Woody biomass
-US Envirofuels LLC Florida 20 Sorghum, sugar cane
-Verenium-BP Florida 36 Energy cane, sorghum
Pilot, or pre-commercial plants, not open yet:
Company Location Capacity Feedstock
-Abengoa Nebraska 10 Corn stover
-BlueFire Calif 3.2 Green landfill waste
-Citrus Energy Llc Florida 4 Citrus waste
-Clemson University S. Carolina 10 Wood waste, algae
-Coskata Pennsylvania 0.04 Woody biomass, waste
-Dupont Danisco Tennessee 0.25 Switchgrass, stover
-Ecofin Llc Kentucky 1 Corn cobs
-Fulcrum Nevada 10.5 Municipal waste
-GulfCoast Energy Alabama 0.4 Wood Waste
-Flambeau River Wisconsin 6 Forest, paper waste
-ICM Inc Missouri 1.5 Switchgrass, sorghum
-KL Energy Corp Colorado 5 Wood pellets
-Liberty Industries Florida 7 Forest waste
-NewPage Wisconsin 5.5 Woody biomass
-Pacific Ethanol Oregon 2.7 Wheat straw, poplar
-PureVision Colorado 2 Corn stalks
-RSE Pulp & Chem Maine 2.2 Woody biomass
-SunOpta Minnesota 10 Corn stover, waste
-University of Florida Florida 2 Bagasse
-West Biofuels Calif 0.18 Wood chips
Countries engaged in biofuel developments ranged from oil rich countries ,Afrianc continent, into Europe which is rigorously into making mandatory for all vehicles to have more than 30% vehicles on the road to have on biofuels,China, South East Asia ,Australia and the Pacific including Solomon Islands.
As haze and smog hangs on lower tree tops giving impassable view, rising risk of asthma and global climate change tours in, the world is faced with huge challenges. Drinking waters turns sour, forest disappear and food crop become vulnerable to extiction , the question of money and survival is argued, at last serving our livihood is tabled to emphasize on sustainable living by engaging in sustainable energy , renewable and recycleable.
The infliction from 200 hundred years of fossil fuel use and emission of green houses gases and destruction of enviroment reversing natrural equilibrium is facing like facing a group of hngry lions in a dent.
Some of the multi national, rich organisations had already made up there minds to turn to sustainable biofuel for the next generation and the futture for all. Given the destruction of flora and fauna in ocean,change in wind patterns,change in ocean currents, change in Ocean pH,atmospheric air composition, etc,..etc..is setting new standards for survival. With these facts in our fronts, the pattern of life in production and usage, sources etc must change and it is mandatory for survival of all.
Beleow is an extract inline with this from biofuel digest.com
Greenchipstocks neatly summarized a presentation by Don Paul, Executive Director of the University of Southern California Energy Institute, givin g five reasons why Big Oil is "coming to cleantech," and five more as to why Big Oil is headed for a major role in the renewable energy business. Notably, Paul was CTO of Chevron befor joining the Institute.
His reasons for Bio Oil entering cleantech:
1. Global reach and scale
2. Strong balance sheets and cash flow
3. Technical, business, and market capabilities
4. Infrastructure, land, and supply chain management
5. Patience and longevity
His reasons for Bio Oil entering the renewable fuels marketplace:
1. Producing alternatives to oil, and thereby diverting existing petroleum refining to deliver more natural gas.
2. Converting existing production sites to wind and solar.
3. Integrating power infrastructure with natural gas as a back up to other power producing feedstocks.
4. Geothermal opportunities are a natural fit for the oil & gas business.
5. Integration opportunities in biofuels.
In addition, I gave the following presentation on oil companies and the rise of partnerships in biofuels production at the Biofuels: Science and Innovation workshop in San Francisco this week.
In remarks that accompanied the slides, I implored biofuels companies to cease making the mistake of considering Big Oil to be the Big Enemy, and consider it instead the only practical source of capital and know-how to drive scale, and also the only realistic opportunity for VC and other early investors to find exits.
Big Oil needs early-stage investors to take the technology risks on biofuels, and de-risk the space so that Big Oil can enter a more stable environment of projectable margins, provide scale, and provide exits for the early investors who can then redeploy their capital in search of more innovation in feedstocks and yields.